The female hormone oestrogen is produced in three formats, oestradiol being the format made in the ovaries. When our eggs get near to depletion, the level of oestradiol reduces. Our periods become erratic and often very heavy, and we can experience symptoms as diverse as hot flushes, night sweats and brain fog. This is known as becoming peri-menopausal. The last of our eggs are released and then when there are no more, our periods stop and we have reached menopause.
A consequence of becoming peri-menopausal is accelerated ageing of our skin. The reduction of oestrogen reduces collagen production affecting the skin's elasticity, meaning it can look thinner and lines more visible.
At the same time, at around this age our skin's lipid production slows down meaning there is less skin barrier protection, meaning the top layer of our skin dries out more quickly.
In order to maintain levels of hydration in our skin, it is important to use moisturising products that can allow skin to ‘plump up’ because our skin is ultimately there as a protective barrier to prevent irritation and infection.